Patient-related factors associated with oral anticoagulation control: A population-based cohort study

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International Journal of Pharmacy Practice


Objectives: Time in therapeutic range (TTR) of ≥70% is a commonly used indicator of optimal anticoagulation control. This study aimed to determine the patterns and predictors of anticoagulation control in a population-based cohort of new users of warfarin. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study. All adults (age ≥18 years) who had been newly initiated on warfarin therapy between January 2006 and March 2011were selected from administrative health databases. TTR was calculated using the Rosendaal method. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to identify patient-related factors associated with optimal TTR. Predictors of patients spending >30% of time above and below the therapeutic international normalised ratio (INR) range were also examined. Key findings: A total of 6032 patients were included in this study. The mean TTR was 54.1 ± 18.8%, and 82.3% of patients had subthreshold TTR (<70%). Compared with New Zealand Europeans, MCrossed D signori and Pacific people had decreased odds of achieving optimal TTR and increased odds of spending >30% of time below the therapeutic INR range. Patients aged 65-74 years and 75 years or older had increased odds of achieving optimal TTR but decreased odds of spending >30% of time below the therapeutic INR range than those <65 years. Compared with those living in the least socioeconomically deprived areas, those living in the most deprived areas had decreased odds of achieving optimal TTR. Conclusions: Anticoagulation control with warfarin is suboptimal in routine care in New Zealand. Age, ethnicity and deprivation index were significant predictors of TTR. It is important to ensure equitable access to appropriate, high-quality care for those living in deprived areas and those from ethnic minority groups.

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