Daptomycin pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in a pooled sample of patients receiving thrice-weekly hemodialysis

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Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy


While the pharmacokinetic (PK) properties of daptomycin in hemodialysis (HD) patients have been evaluated previously by three groups, resultant dosing recommendations have varied.To address this clinical conundrum, this study combined concentration- time data from these PK evaluations and derived uniform dosing recommendations among patients on HD receiving daptomycin.A two-compartment model with separate HD and non-HD clearance terms was fit to the PK data from these studies by using BigNPAG.Embedded with PK parameters from the population PK analysis, 5,000-subject Monte Carlo simulations (MCS) were performed to identify HD dosing schemes that provided efficacy (cumulative and daily area under the concentration- time curve [AUC] values) and toxicity (trough concentrations of>24.3 mg/liter) profiles comparable to those from simulations employing the daptomycin PK model derived from the Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia-infective endocarditis (SAB-IE) study.Separate HD dosing schemes were sought for the two weekly interdialytic periods (48 and 72 h).For the 48-h interdialytic period, intra- and post-HD dosing provided the most isometric cumulative and daily AUCs.For the 72-h interdialytic period, all HD dosing schemes provided noncumulative AUC values from 48 to 72 h (AUC 48-72) that were<50% of the SAB-IE AUC48-72 values.Increasing the parent dose by 50% intra- or post-HD provided comparable AUC48-72 values, while maintaining acceptable trough concentration (Cmin) values.When efficacy and toxicity profiles were evaluated for each individual study, higher probabilities for Cmin reaching>24.3 mg/liter were observed in one of the three studies.Given the high probability of Cmin being>24.3 mg/liter in one of the three studies, more intensive creatine phosphokinase (CPK) monitoring may be warranted in HD patients receiving daptomycin.Copyright © 2013, American Society for Microbiology.All Rights Reserved.

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