Comparative effectiveness of lipid-lowering treatments to reduce cardiovascular disease

Document Type


Publication Title

Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research


Introduction: The proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitor is a new treatment option for patients with hypercholesterolemia. The objective of this study was to systematically review the cost-effectiveness of lipid-lowering agents. Areas covered: Based on Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, we identified 29 relevant articles. Studies found statins were cost-effective compared with placebo or no treatment in general. Atorvastatin was reported to be cost-effective against simvastatin. In most cases, rosuvastatin was more cost-effective than atorvastatin or simvastatin. Additionally, ezetimibe was considered to be cost-effective compared with no treatment for statin intolerant patients. For patients not meeting treatment goals with their statins, switching to ezetimibe plus simvastatin was consistently reported cost-effective. The cost-effectiveness of ezetimibe plus a hybrid of a statin varied by the source of clinical data and cost of ezetimibe. Finally, the cost-effectiveness of PCSK9 inhibitor plus a statin against statin monotherapy was uncertain. The PCSK9 inhibitor plus a stain was cost-ineffective compared with ezetimibe plus a statin. Expert commentary: Drug costs and treatment efficacy were the key drivers of the cost-effectiveness results in prior analyses. Future evaluations are warranted to reflect the decreasing drug prices and the long-term treatment effects of PCSK9 inhibitors.

First Page


Last Page




Publication Date