An individualized approach to residency preparation for fourth professional year pharmacy students

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Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning


Introduction: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of an individualized residency preparation program and faculty mentorship on student preparedness for pursuing residency training and their ability to successfully match with a postgraduate year one (PGY1) residency position. Methods: This prospective cohort enrolled fourth professional year pharmacy students from August 2016 to March 2017. Students participated in a faculty-designed residency preparation program, were assigned faculty mentors, and were provided with several residency preparation resources. The primary outcome was change in the median overall perceived level of preparedness, as measured by pre- and post-residency preparation program surveys. A key secondary end point was the correlation between obtaining a PGY1 residency position and the number of residency preparation sessions attended. Results: Fifty-two students participated in the residency preparation program. The median overall perceived level of preparedness increased following the preparation program. Of the 52 students participating, 37 attended over half of the program sessions. Twenty-one of the 37 (56.8%) students participating in more than half of the sessions matched with a PGY1 program compared to three out of 15 (20%) students participating in fewer than half the sessions. Additionally, students reported value in mock interviews, faculty mentorship, and institution-specific residency preparation guidance delivered via a workbook. Conclusions: Participation in an individualized residency preparation program with faculty mentorship and institution-specific guidance improves the perceived level of preparedness for students pursuing residency training. High attendance at sessions, along with other factors, may contribute to a higher rate of success.

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