A checklist for a consistent, comprehensive medication review

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Journal of the American Pharmacists Association


Introduction: Medicare Advantage Part D plans and stand-alone Part D prescription drug plans are required by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to have qualified providers, including pharmacists, and offer annual comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs) for eligible Medicare beneficiaries. Although guidance on the components of a CMR is available, providers have flexibility in how to deliver the CMR to patients and which content to cover. With the variety of patient needs, CMR content is not always consistently delivered in practice. Our research group performed an extensive evaluation to create and test an ideal CMR content coverage checklist for CMR provision. CMR Content Checklist: The CMR Content Checklist can be used for quality improvement purposes to evaluate the comprehensiveness of pharmacist services—to assess either within pharmacist variation across patients or within organization variations between pharmacists or sites. Incorporating the CMR Content Checklist into practice: Testing in a real-world setting demonstrated where gaps in service coverage existed. The CMR Content Checklist could be used as the first step for quality improvement given that it provides details on the key aspects of the service that can inform quality measure development.

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