Near-infrared spectroscopy: A tool to monitor cerebral hemodynamic and metabolic changes after cardiac arrest in rats

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Introduction: Cardiac arrest (CA) is associated with poor neurological outcome and is associated with a poor understanding of the cerebral hemodynamic and metabolic changes. The objective of this study was to determine the applicability of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), to observe the changes in cerebral total hemoglobin (T-Hb) reflecting cerebral blood volume, oxygenation state of Hb, oxidized cytochrome oxidase (Cyto-C), and brain water content following CA. Methods: Fourteen rats were subjected to normothermic (37.5°C) or hypothermic (34°C) CA induced by 8 min of asphyxiation. Animals were resuscitated with ventilation, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and epinephrine (adrenaline). Hypothermia was induced before CA. NIRS was applied to the animal head to measure T-Hb with a wavelength of 808 nm (n = 10) and oxygenated/deoxygenated Hb, Cyto-C, and brain water content with wavelengths of 620-1120 nm (n = 4). Results: There were no technical difficulties in applying NIRS to the animal, and the signals were strong and consistent. Normothermic CA caused post-resuscitation hyperemia followed by hypoperfusion determined by the level of T-Hb. Hypothermic CA blunted post-resuscitation hyperemia and resulted in more prominent post-resuscitation hypoperfusion. Both, normothermic and hypothermic CA resulted in a sharp decrease in oxygenated Hb and Cyto-C, and the level of oxygenated Hb was higher in hypothermic CA after resuscitation. There was a rapid increase in brain water signals following CA. Hypothermic CA attenuated increased water signals in normothermic CA following resuscitation. Conclusion: NIRS can be applied to monitor cerebral blood volume, oxygenation state of Hb, Cyto-C, and water content following CA in rats. © 2004 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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