Gel-mediated delivery of AAV1 vectors corrects ventilatory function in pompe mice with established disease

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Molecular Therapy


Pompe disease is a muscular dystrophy that results in respiratory insufficiency. We characterized the outcomes of targeted delivery of recombinant adeno-associated virus serotype 1 (rAAV2/1) vector to diaphragms of Pompe mice with varying stages of disease progression. We observed significant improvement in diaphragm contractile strength in mice treated at 3 months of age that is sustained at least for 1 year and enhanced contractile strength in mice treated at 9 and 21 months of age, measured 3 months post-treatment. Ventilatory parameters including tidal volume/inspiratory time ratio, minute ventilation/expired CO 2 ratio, and peak inspiratory airflow were significantly improved in mice treated at 3 months and tested at 6 months. Despite early improvement, mice treated at 3 months and tested at 1 year had diminished normoxic ventilation, potentially due to attenuation of correction over time or progressive degeneration of nontargeted accessory tissues. However, for all rAAV2/1-treated mice (treated at 3, 9, and 21 months, assayed 3 months later; treated at 3 months, assayed at 1 year), minute ventilation and peak inspiratory flows were significantly improved during respiratory challenge. These results demonstrate that gel-mediated delivery of rAAV2/1 vectors can significantly augment ventilatory function at initial and late phases of disease in a model of muscular dystrophy. © The American Society of Gene & Cell Therapy.

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