Use of Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitor for Diabetes Management in Patients Following Kidney Transplantation

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Journal of Pharmacy Technology


Objective: To evaluate data sources pertaining to the safety and efficacy of sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitor use for diabetes management in patients following kidney transplantation. Data Sources: A literature search was conducted through PubMed (1966-January 2023), EMBASE (1973-January 2023), and databases using the search terms kidney transplantation, diabetes mellitus, and SGLT2 inhibitor or empagliflozin, dapagliflozin, and canagliflozin. Study Selection and Data Extraction: Studies evaluating human kidney transplant recipients (KTR) receiving SGLT2 inhibitors treatment and published in the English language were included. Eight case series or retrospective analyses, 4 prospective observational studies, and 1 randomized controlled trial were identified. Data Synthesis: Available literature provides evidence that the addition of SGLT2 inhibitors may provide modest benefits on glycemic control, body weight, and serum uric acid levels in certain KTR. Various studies and case reports found that incidence of urinary tract infections was low, but still present. Overall, there are limited data on mortality and graft survival; however, one study reported a benefit of SGLT2 inhibitor use in KTR relative to these outcomes. Conclusions: The current literature evaluated demonstrates that there may be benefit to the addition of SGLT2 inhibitors for diabetes management in select KTR. However, the limited evidence within a large diverse population and extended duration of treatment makes it difficult to definitively identify the true efficacy and safety of SGLT2 inhibitor use in this population.

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